Question 68. What are the Ten Commandments?
The Ten Commandments give a summary of God's law for our lives. They teach us how to live rightly with God and one another.
Question 69. Why should you obey this law?
Not to win God's love, for God already loves me. Not to earn my salvation, for Christ has earned it for me. Not to avoid being punished, for then I would obey out of fear. With gladness in my heart I should obey God's law out of gratitude, for God has blessed me by it and given it for my well-being.
Question 70. What is the first commandment?
You shall have no other gods before me (Ex. 20:3; Deut. 5:7).
Question 71. What do you learn from this commandment?
No loyalty comes before my loyalty to God. I should worship and serve only God, expect all good from God alone, and love, fear and honor God with all my heart.
Question 72. What is the second commandment?
You shall not make for yourself an idol (Ex. 20:4; Deut. 5:8).
Question 73. What do you learn from this commandment?
First, when I treat anything other than God as though it were God, I make it an idol. Second, when I assume that my own interests are more important than anything else, I make them into idols, and in effect I also make an idol of myself.
Question 74. What is the third commandment?
You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the Lord your God (Ex. 20:7; Deut. 5:11).
Question 75. What do you learn from this commandment?
I should use God's name with reverence and awe. God's name is holy and deserves the highest honor from us. It is insulted when used carelessly, as in a curse or a pious cliché.
Question 76. What is the fourth commandment?
Remember the Sabbath Day, and keep it holy (Ex. 20:8; Deut. 5:12).
Question 77. What do you learn from this commandment?
God requires a special day to be set apart so that worship can be at the center of my life. It is right to honor God with thanks and praise, and to hear and receive God's Word.
Question 78. What is the best summary of the first four commandments?
These teach me how to live rightly with God. Jesus summed them up with the commandment he called the first and greatest: You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind (Matt. 22:37; Deut. 6:5).
Question 79. What is the fifth commandment?
Honor your father and your mother (Ex. 20:12; Deut. 5:16).
Question 80. What do you learn from this commandment?
Though I owe reverence to God alone, I owe genuine respect to my parents, both my mother and father. God wills me to listen to them, be thankful for the benefits I receive from them, and be considerate of their needs, especially in old age.
Question 81. Are there limits to your obligation to obey them?
Yes. No mere human being is God. Blind obedience is not required, for everything should be tested by loyalty and obedience to God.
Question 82. What is the sixth commandment?
You shall not murder (Ex. 20:13; Deut. 5:17).
Question 83. What do you learn from this commandment?
God forbids anything that harms my neighbor unfairly. Murder or injury can be done not only by direct violence but also by an angry word or a clever plan, and not only by an individual but also by unjust social institutions. I should honor every human being, including my enemy, as a person made in God's image.
Question 84. What is the seventh commandment?
You shall not commit adultery (Ex. 20:14; Deut. 5:18).
Question 85. What do you learn from this commandment?
God requires fidelity and purity in sexual relations. Since love is God's great gift, God expects me not to corrupt it, or confuse it with momentary desire or the selfish fulfillment of my own pleasures. God forbids all sexual immorality, whether in married or in single life.
Question 86. What is the eighth commandment?
You shall not steal (Ex. 20:15; Deut. 5:19).
Question 87. What do you learn from this commandment?
God forbids all theft and robbery, including schemes, tricks or systems that unjustly take what belongs to someone else. God requires me not to be driven by greed, not to misuse or waste the gifts I have been given, and not to distrust the promise that God will supply my needs.
Question 88. What is the ninth commandment?
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor (Ex. 20:16; Deut. 5:20).
Question 89. What do you learn from this commandment?
God forbids me to damage the honor or reputation of my neighbor. I should not say false things against anyone for the sake of money, favor or friendship, for the sake of revenge, or for any other reason. God requires me to speak well of my neighbor when I can, and to view the faults of my neighbor with tolerance when I cannot.
Question 90. Does this commandment forbid racism and other forms of negative stereotyping?
Yes. In forbidding false witness against my neighbor, God forbids me to be prejudiced against people who belong to any vulnerable, different or disfavored social group. Jews, women, homosexuals, racial and ethnic minorities, and national enemies are among those who have suffered terribly from being subjected to the slurs of social prejudice.
Question 91. What is the tenth commandment?
You shall not covet what is your neighbor's (Ex. 20:17; Deut. 5:21).
Question 92. What do you learn from this commandment?
My whole heart should belong to God alone, not to money or the things of this world. "Coveting" means desiring something wrongfully. I should not resent the good fortune or success of my neighbor or allow envy to corrupt my heart.
Question 93. What is the best summary of the last six commandments?
These teach me how to live rightly with my neighbor. Jesus summed them up with a commandment which is like the greatest one about loving God: You shall love your neighbor as yourself (Matt. 22:39; Lev. 19:18).
Question 94. Can you obey these commandments perfectly?
No. Yet there is more grace in God than sin in me. While I must confess my sins to God and resolve not to commit them, I can be confident that God is forgiving, and will give me the grace to grow in love and knowledge day by day.
Confirmation Version approved by the 210th (1998) General Assembly of the PCUSA
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